What is the hydrological cycle ?

The hydrological cycle is the continuous movement of water from the Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back to the Earth's surface. Precipitation (rain, snow, sleet, or hail) falls from the atmosphere to the Earth's surface. Some of the precipitation evaporates and returns to the atmosphere as water vapor. The rest of the precipitation flows over the surface of the Earth as either surface runoff or groundwater. Groundwater is water that collects and flows beneath the Earth's surface. It is replenished by the precipitation that falls on the Earth's surface. The water that collects in underground aquifers can be used for drinking, irrigation, and other industrial and domestic needs. The hydrological cycle is important for the water cycle, which is important for the Earth's climate. The water cycle helps to regulate the Earth's temperature by transporting heat from the Earth's surface to the atmosphere.

If you want to also become familiar with the hydrological cycle then this article going to help you. Basically, the terms of the hydrological cycle are discussed briefly in geography. You can easily understand the hydrological cycle after reading this article so please read this article until the last. If you don't read this article on till the last then you'll be able to understand the hydrological cycle. Basically, the process of water from the sea to clouds and clouds to the ocean is known as a hydrological cycle. 

The process of hydrological cycles begins from the ocean Then it will start its journey. the hydrological cycle never ends until the last moment of Earth. The hydrological cycle is a natural process. That's why it's a never-ending process. 

Hydrologic Cycle in Nepali

Without the hydrological cycle humans, animals and plants Cantt live on earth. Because this is the way to get waters in our surface level of Earth. The hydrological cycle helps us to achieve OR gate waters from the ocean to our nearest water resources. We cannot be able to get water without a hydrological cycle in your area. The process of the ideological cycle is going continuously when the ocean is created and it will not in until the last moment of our Earth. 

So there are a few processes and their unique name of the hydrological cycle. We will discuss all they or we will discuss all the process names one by one. 

Hydrologic Cycle Process

  • Evaporation

  • Evapotranspiration

  • condensation

  • precipitation

  • infiltration 

  • percolation 


Evaporation is one of the first processes of the hydrological cycle. In the evaporation stage due to the sun radiation, the ocean water will convert from liquid to gas form. After converting from liquid to gas form then it will become clouds. The process of being gas from liquid water is known as evaporation. Special you can also understand that the process of evaporation means the liquid form of water will convert into gas form is known as evaporation. 


Evapotranspiration is another process of the hydrological cycle. Plants take Minerals and water from the root. They are getting their foods from their root. When they are taking food from the root then in that time they will take water also from the ground level water.

When the water will come from the plant's root then it will go off in the leaf of that plant. So win the solar radiation will come to the plant's leaves. Then the photosynthesis process helps to make those waters which are available inside plants' leaves convert into the gaseous form.

The liquid form of water available inside plants leave will be e converted in a gaseous form. It is known as evapotranspiration. In a simple way the liquid water of plants converts into the gas form it's known as transpiration. 


When the evaporation and evapotranspiration process will finish than the liquid from the water will convert into gas. After that, the gases convert into clouds. The clouds will start to travel from one place to another place.

The process of the clouds traveling from one place to another place is known as condensation. In this process, your clouds will travel a very long time and your types of Clouds will convert into rain as soon as possible. 

In a simple way, the clouds travel from one place to another place that is known as condensation.


In this process, the clouds will convert into water form or in the snowfall. The process of precipitation means the gases will convert in the liquid form is known as the age of precipitation.

It will convert into water or snow in the process of precipitation. In this process, the gas form of water will come back in the river lakes and in the land.

So in a simple way, the process of being liquid from the gases form is known as precipitation. 


Infiltration means the process of the hydrological cycle where the water came from rainfall go inside the land then it will start to go in the process of the filter.

After the rainfall the water will go inside the land then it will go into the ground level water. After going in the ground level water it will start to filter in the pure water.

So the whole process of filling to listen of water in the deep or side of the land is known as infiltration.

In a simple way, the water that came from rainfall will start to change into pure water and nature will automatically start to filter those waters is known as infiltration. 


Population means the ground level water will start to go in the ocean from the ground level water. After the process of infiltration, the water of ground-level will start to go into the ocean Then the ground-level water will mix in the ocean.

Show the process of ground-level water going from ground level to Ocean is known as our percolation. In a simple way, the process of water from ground level to the Ocean is known as percolation.

So after that, all the water will go into the ocean. Then again the hydrological cycle will start in the evaporation process. 

So in the hydrological cycle basically there are two types of steps. That is known as an operation in Hapur transpiration condensation reputation precipitation infiltration percolation.

Basically, the hydrological cycle is a natural process. So beautiful so I'd mention that without the hydrological cycle all the living plants and living animals and species cannot survive in the world.

Because the lack of water in the earth is the against of life of living spaces in the earth. You have to understand that the hydrological cycle never END. So hoping that you get a few ideas about the hydrological cycle.

So if you have any kind of confusion still about the hydrological cycle then let me know in the comment section. Don't forget to share this article who are reading and studying geography and will be also familiar with the hydrological cycle thank you so much.

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post